Penn State Penn State: College of the Liberal Arts

KENNETH N. LEVY, PH.D.

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A

Amanda N Moeller, Benjamin N Johnson, Kenneth N Levy, James M LeBreton
(2021)

Source: Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations 

In this chapter, we discuss the state of the science regarding the measurement of implicit personality (i.e., the elements of personality that are not accessible via conscious introspection). Optimal measurement of implicit personality necessitates a strong underlying psychological theory combined with indirect measurement that is resilient to dishonest responding; with such a foundation, researchers may evaluate the psychometric properties of their measures, including the independent predictive validity that indirect measures of implicit personality have over above direct measures of explicit personality. We review three prototypic classes of indirect measurement that lend themselves to assessing aspects of implicit personality: projective measures, response latency measures, and conditional reasoning measures. We discuss the history and theory behind each of these classes of measurement systems and introduce …

Auerbach, J. S. et al.
(2010)

Sidney J. Blatt: Relatedness, self-definition, and mental representation.  In L. G. Castonguay, J. C. Muran, L. Angus, J. A. Hayes, N. Ladany, & T. Anderson (Eds.), Bringing psychotherapy research to life: Understanding change through the work of leading clinical researchers. (pgs. 329-338). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Auerbach, J. S., Levy, K. N., & Schaffer, C. E.
(2005)

London: Brunner-Routledge.

B

Becker, D. F., Edell, W. S., Fujioka, T. A., Levy, K. N., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1996)

Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 25, 127-135.

Beeney, J. E., Franklin, R. G., Levy, K.N., & Adams, R. B., Jr.
(2011)

Social Neuroscience. 6(4), 369-376.

Beeney, J. E., Hallquist, M. N., Ellison, W. D., & Levy, K. N.
(2016)

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 7(1), 28.

Beeney, J. E., Levy, K. N., Gatzke-Kopp, L. M., & Hallquist, M. N.
(2014)

EEG asymmetry in borderline personality disorder and depression following rejection. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5 (2), 178-185.

Beeney, J. E., Levy, K. N., Gatzke-Kopp, L. M., & Hallquist, M. N.
(2013)

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment,5, 178-185.

Benjamin N Johnson, Kenneth N Levy
(2020)

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, Volume 11, Issue 2, p.141

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is serious, prevalent, and symptomatically heterogeneous. Identifying distinct phenotypes of BPD features promises useful diagnostic and treatment implications. Although a series of subtyping studies exist, only two have examined BPD symptom configurations while taking into account BPD severity. We used factor mixture modeling to identify discrete subtypes of BPD features, simultaneously considering symptom severity, in the largest nonclinical young adult sample to date. Undergraduates (N= 20,010; 63.86% women; M age= 18.75, SD= 1.73) completed the McLean Screening Instrument for BPD, which was condensed to measure the 9 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders BPD criteria dichotomously. We used a model comparison approach to determine the optimal latent factor and class structure of BPD symptoms and validated classes via BPD-relevant …

Benjamin N Johnson, Tracy L Clouthier, Lia K Rosenstein, Kenneth N Levy
(2020)

The terms pampering and spoiling have roots within early psychoanalytic literature, and over time they have become a part of the vernacular. This entry will focus on pampering/spoiling as described in psychoanalytic literature and address the following: the mechanics of pampering/spoiling, why it might happen, and the possible risks for development.

Benjamin N. Johnson & Kenneth N. Levy
(2019)

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 1-10

Bernecker, S. L., Levy, K. N., & Ellison, W. D.
(2014)

Psychotherapy Research, 24(1), 12-24.

Beutler, L., Blatt, S. J., Alimohamed, S., Levy, K. N., & Angtuaco, L.
(2005)

In L. Beutler & L.G. Castonguay (Eds.), Empirically defined principles of therapeutic change (pp. 13-63). Oxford Univers

Blatt, S. J. & Levy, K. N.
(2003)

Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 23, 102-150.

Blatt, S. J., & Levy, K. N.
(1998)

In J. W. Barron (Ed.), Making diagnosis meaningful: Enhancing evaluation and treatment of psychological disorders (pp. 73-109). Washington, DC: APA Books.

Blatt, S. J., Auerbach, J. S., & Levy, K. N.
(1997)

Review of General Psychology, 1, 351-374.

C

Caligor E., Levy K. N., Yeomans, F. E.
(2015)

172(5), 415-422.

Clarkin, J. F. et al.
(2002)

In F. W. Kaslow & J. J. Magnavita (Eds.), Comprehensive Handbook of Psychotherapy, Volume 1: Psychodynamic/Object Relations (pp. 239-252.) New York: Wiley

Clarkin, J. F., & Levy, K. N.
(2003)

In M. Lambert (Ed.), Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (5th ed., pp. 194-226). New York: Wiley & Sons.

Clarkin, J. F., & Levy, K. N.
(2003)

Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 23, 248-267.

Clarkin, J. F., & Levy, K. N.
(2006)

Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 405-410.

Clarkin, J. F., Fonagy, P., Levy, K. N., & Bateman, A.
(2015)

Borderline personality disorder. In P. Luyten, L. Mayes, P. Fonagy, M. Target, & S. Blatt (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary psychodynamic approaches to psychopathology. New York, NY: Guilford.

Clarkin, J. F., Lenzenweger, M. F., Yeomans, F. E., Levy, K. N., & Kernberg, O.F.
(2007)

Journal of Personality Disorders, 21, 474-499.

Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N.
(In Press)

Transference Focused Psychotherapy for the personality disorders. In W. Livesley & R. Larstone (Eds.), Handbook of Personality Disorders. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., & Ellison, W. D.
(2010)

Personality disorders.  In L. M. Horowitz & S. Strack (Eds.), Handbook of interpersonal psychology: Theory, research, assessment, and therapeutic interventions (pp. 383‐403).  New York: Wiley.

Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., & Schiavi, J. M.
(2005)

Clinical Neuroscience Research, 4, 379-386.

Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., Lenzenweger, M. F., & Kernberg, O. F.
(2007)

American Journal Psychiatry, 164, 922-928.

Clarkin, J. F., Yeomans, F. E., DePanfilis, C., Levy, K. N.
(2015)

Strategies for constructing a more adaptive self-system. In J. Livesley, Dimmagio, & J. F. Clarkin (Eds).  Integrated treatment for personality disorder. New York:  Guilford Press. 

Critchfield, K. L., Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., & Kernberg, O. F.
(2008)

British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 47, 185-200.

Critchfield, K. L., Levy, K. N., Clarkin, J. F., & Kernberg, O. F.
(2008)

Journal of Clinical Psychology 64, 67-82.

D

Davilia, J., & Levy, K. N.
(2006)

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 989-993.

Diamond, D. et al.
(2008)

In H. Steele & M. Steele (Eds.), Clinical Applications of the AAI, (pp. 270-294). New York: Guilford Press.

Diamond, D. et al.
(2014)

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5(4), 428.

Diamond, D., Clarkin, J., Levine, H., Levy, K., Foelsch, P., & Yeomans, F.
(1999)

Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 19, 831-884.

Diamond, D., et al.
(2003)

In M. Cortina & M. Marrone (Eds.), Attachment and the Psychoanalytic Process (pp. 127-178). London: Whurr Publishers.

Diamond, D., Levy, K. N., Levine, L., & Foelsch, P.
(2002)

Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, 2, 121-151.

Diamond, D., Stovall-McClough, C., Clarkin, J. F., & Levy, K. N.
(2003)

Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 67, 227-259.

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F. E., & Levy, K. N.
(2011)

Psicoerapia psicodinamica delle personalita narcisistiche. In J. F. Clarkin, F. Yeomans, & O. Kernberg (Eds.). Psicoterapia psicodinamica dei disturbi di personalita: Un approccio basato sulle relazioni oggettuali. Manuale della psicoterapia focalizzata sul transfert (TFP) (pp. 412-426). Rome, Italy: Giovanni Fioriti Editore. 

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F. E., & Levy, K. N.
(In Press)

Die Ubertragungsfokussiete Psychotherapie (TFP) [Transference-focused psychotherapy for narcissistic personality (Trans.,)].  In S. Doering, O. F. Kernberg & H. P. Hartmann (Eds.), Narzissmus: Grundlagen, Störungsbilder, Therapie.  Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F. E., & Levy, K. N.
(2012)

The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder, (p. 423-433).

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F. E., & Levy, K. N.
(2011)

Psychodynamic psychotherapy for narcissistic personality.  In W. K. Campbell & J. D. Miller (Eds.), The handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical approaches, empirical findings, and treatments (pp. 423–433). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Diamond, D., Yeomans, F. E., Stern, B. S., Levy, K. N., Hörz, S., & Delaney, J. C.
(2013)

Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 33(6), 527-551.

E

F

Fehon, D. C., Becker, D. F., Grilo, C. M., Walker, M. L., Levy, K. N., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1997)

Comprehensive Psychiatry, 38, 141-145.

Fertuck, E. A., Mergenthaler, E., Target, M., Levy, K. N., & Clarkin, J. F.
(2012)

Psychotherapy Research, 22(3), 298-305.

Foelsch, P., Pomeroy, L., Gerber, G., & Levy, K. N.
(2005)

Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, 225, 83-85.

Frank Yeomans, John Clarkin, KN Levy
(2021)

The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Personality Disorders

Psychodynamic means “the mind in motion.” Psychodynamic psychotherapy refers to psychotherapies that stem from the psychoanalytic tradition and focus on the role of conflicting forces within the mind—competing desires, impulses, emotions, fears, and prohibitions—and their interface with external reality as sources of suffering and symptoms. The psychoanalytic tradition centers on the understanding of the mind elaborated initially by Freud (1923/1961) that emphasizes the role of unconscious aspects of mental functioning and the interaction of constitutional biological predispositions and environmental influences in psychological development. While psychodynamic therapies are primarily psychological treatments, in the course of the therapy, the therapist must continue to assess the impact of biological factors that affect the patient’s condition. As psychoanalysis evolved, its focus shifted from symptoms to character pathology (Gabbard 2005). More recently, with the emphasis on evidence-based treatments, models of psychodynamic therapy to treat specific types of personality disorder (PD) have been developed and researched (Bateman and Fonagy 2012; Clarkin et al. 2006; Yeomans et al. 2015). As the field continues to evolve, the dialogue between evidence-based models and clinical analytic practice is enriching both. As part of our discussion of the psychotherapy of personality disorders, we will also review the evolving conceptualization of those disorders.

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Garnet, K. E., Levy, K. N., Mattanah, J. J. F., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1995)

American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1538.

Garnet, K. E., Levy, K. N., Mattanah, J. J. F., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1994)

American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 1380-1382.

Grilo, C. M., Becker, D. F., Levy, K. N., Walker, M. L., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1995)

Comprehensive Psychiatry, 36, 312-317.

Grilo, C. M., Becker, D. F., Walker, M. L., Levy, K. N., Edell, W., & McGlashan, T.
(1995)

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1085-1091

Grilo, C. M., Levy, K. N., Becker, D. F., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1995)

Addictive Behaviors, 20, 255-260.

Grilo, C. M., Levy, K. N., Becker, D. F., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1996)

Psychiatric Services, 47, 426-429.

H

Hill, C. E., Castonguay, L. G., Farber, B. A., Knox, S., Stiles, W. B., Anderson, T., …Sharpless, B. A.
(2012)

Corrective experiences in psychotherapy:  Definitions, processes, consequences, and research directions.  In L. G. Castonguay & C. E. Hill (Eds.), Transformation in Psychotherapy: Corrective experiences across cognitive behavioral, humanistic, and psychodynamic approaches (pp. 355-370). Washington, DC: American Psychological Press

Hill, L. L., Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., & Reynoso, J. S.
(2007)

Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 55, 309-313

Hoermann, S., Clarkin, J. F., Hull, J. W., & Levy, K. N.
(2005)

Psychopathology, 38, 82-86.

Hörz-Sagstetter, S., Diamond, D., Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., Rentrop, M., Fischer- Kern, M., . . . & Doering, S.
(2017)

I

No publications yet! Check back soon.

J

Jacob A. Martin, Kenneth N. Levy
(2021)

Chronic emptiness in borderline personality disorder (BPD) has received little empirical attention. We sought to examine basic properties of a single chronic emptiness item, including prevalence, reliability, validity, the relation of the emptiness item to other BPD criteria, and measures of personality. Undergrad- uates enrolled in psychology courses over 12 years’ time completed the McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder (MSI-BPD) (N = 22,217). Subsets of participants completed the International Personality Disorder Examination—Screening Questionnaire (IPDE-SQ) (N = 2732), The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (Anxiety, Angry Hostility, Depression, Positive Emotions [reversed], and Impulsivity facets) (N = 10,506), and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) (N = 1110) as validity indicators; 10.0% of respondents endorsed emptiness. Reliability indices suggested moderate levels of reliability between two emptiness items (r(2730) = 0.61, p < 0.001). Among BPD criteria, emptiness and identity disturbance correlated most strongly (r(22,215) = 0.81, p < 0.001). MSI emptiness was more corre- lated with depression on the NEO (r(10,504) = 0.43, p < 0.001) and DASS (r(1108) = 0.51, p < 0.001) than other facets of negative affect. Emptiness was more correlated with greater borderline pathology than any other MSI-BPD item (Sample 1, rtet = 0.87; Sample 2, rtet = 0.86). This criterion warrants further study and attention, especially related to assessment of BPD.

Johnson, B. N. & Levy, K. N.
(In Press)

Personality disorders NOS.  In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences.  New York: Springer

K

Kenneth N Levy
(2020)

Cambridge University Press

Comments on the original chapter by P. Fonagy et al.(see record 2020-10989-069) regarding contemporary psychodynamic treatments (PDTs) for personality disorders. In this commentary, the author highlights some of the points that he think could have had more emphasis in stressing the unique contributions and utility of a psychodynamic approach. Psychodynamic approaches to personality disorders, although diverse, all share certain basic tenets. Arguably there may be additional tenets for consideration, but the author focuses on the following:(1) that early childhood relationships with caregivers play an important role in shaping how we experience and view subsequent relationships (this is the idea of transference);(2) that some mental processes, such as motives, desires, and memories, are not readily available to awareness or conscious introspection (the idea of the unconscious);(3) people are sometimes …

Kenneth N Levy, Joanna Pantelides
(2020)

The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences: Clinical, Applied, and Cross‐Cultural Research. p.89-95

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly prevalent, chronic, and debilitating disorder characterized by instability in one’s sense of self, others, and mood. This instability is expressed as emotional lability, impulsivity, interpersonal dysfunction, angry outbursts, suicidality, and non‐suicidal self‐injury. One in 10 patients with BPD will end up dying from suicide. Those suffering from BPD are more likely to commit suicide than those with depression, PTSD, eating disorders, and unmediated bipolar disorder. BPD has historically been thought to be difficult to treat. However, several integrative treatments – deriving from both the cognitive‐behavioral and psychodynamic traditions – that have shown efficacy in randomized controlled trials and are now available to clinicians and their patients.

Kenneth N Levy, William D Ellison
(2021)

Journal: Training and Education in Professional Psychology 

Personality disorders (PDs) are relatively common, especially in clinical settings. A number of evidence-based treatments are now available, especially for borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, little is known about the relevant training available to doctoral students in clinical and counseling psychology. In the current study, data were extracted from 336 clinical and counseling PhD and PsyD programs from the Insider’s Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychology (Sayette & Norcross, 2020), including the number of programs with faculty with specific interests in personality disorders and the number of programs with clinical opportunities related to personality disorders. We found that formal training in personality disorders is not widely available to most trainees in American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited doctoral training programs. Only 16% of programs have faculty …

Kenneth N. Levy
(2019)

Contemporary Psychodynamic Treatments, 440-443

Kenneth N. Levy, Jessica K. Hlay, Benjamin N. Johnson, & Courtney P. Witmer
(2019)

Evolutionary Psychological Science, 5, 426-439

Kenneth N. Levy, John R. Keefe, & Johannes C. Ehrenthal
(2019)

Contemporary Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, 89-106

Kenneth N. Levy, Yogev Kivity, & Frank E. Yeomans
(2019)

Case Formulation for Personality Disorders, 19-40

Kenneth N. Levy, Yogev Kivity, Benjamin N. Johnson, & Caroline V. Gooch
(2018)

Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74, 1996-2013

Kernberg, O. F. & Levy, K. N.
(2011)

Borderline personality disorder and borderline personality organization: Psychopathology and psychotherapy.  In B. Dulz, S. C. Herpertz, O. F. Kernberg, & U. Sachsse (Eds.), Handbuch der Borderline-Störungen (2nd ed.) (pp. 286-300). Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Kernberg, O. F. et al.
(2008)

In E. Jurist, A. Slade, & S. Bergner (Eds.), Mind to Mind: Infant Research, Neuroscience, and Psychoanalysis (pp. 167-198). New York:

Kernberg, O. F., Yeomans, F. E., Clarkin, J. F., & Levy, K. N.
(2008)

International Journal of Psychoanalysis 89, 601-620.

KN Levy, William D Ellison
(2021)

Publisher: American Psychological Association 

Personality disorders are relatively common, especially in clinical settings. A number of evidence-based treatments are now available, especially for borderline personality disorder. However, little is known about the relevant training available to doctoral students in clinical and counseling psychology. in the current study, data were extracted from 336 clinical and counseling Ph. D. and Psy. D. programs from the Insider’s Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychology>(Norcross & Sayette, 2020), including the number of programs with faculty with specific interests in personality disorders and the number of programs with clinical opportunities related to personality disorders. We found that formal training in personality disorders is not widely available to most trainees in APA-accredited doctoral training programs. Only 16% of programs have faculty with interests in personality disorders, all of them clinical psychology programs. Ph. D. programs were more likely to have PD-interested faculty than Psy. D. programs, and, within clinical Ph. D. programs, PCSAS-accredited programs were more likely to have PD-interested faculty than programs without PCSAS accreditation. Similarly, only 15% of programs (all clinical psychology programs) offer practicum opportunities in psychotherapy for personality disorders. Our findings indicate that doctoral level psychology programs are not sufficiently preparing their students with personality disorder training, which serves as a substantial disservice to both trainees and the public.

Kohling, J., Ehrenthal, J. C., Levy, K. N., Schauenburg, H., & Dinger, U.
(2015)

Clinical Psychology Review, 37, 13-25.

Kramer, U., & Levy, K. N.
(2016)

Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 26, 338-346

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Lazar, S. G., Bendat, M., Gabbard, G., Levy, K., Mcwilliams, N., Plakun, E. M., Shedler, J., & Yeomans, F. E.
(2018)

Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 24, 179-193.

Lazar, S. G., Bendat, M., Gabbard, G., Levy, K., Mcwilliams, N., Plakun, E. M., Shedler, J., Yeomans, F. E.
(2018)
Lenzenweger, M. F., Clarkin, J. F., & Kernberg, O. F.
(2016)

Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: The Relation of Reflective Function to Neurocognitive Functioning in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder

Lenzenweger, M. F., Clarkin, J. F., Levy, K. N., Yeomans, F. E., & Kernberg, O. F.
(2012)

Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3(2), 185-195.

Lenzenweger, M. F., et al.
(2008)

Journal of Personality Disorders 22(4), 313-331.

Levy, K & Johnson, B. N.
(2018)

Canadian Psychology, 1-48.

Levy, K.
(In Press)

Psychotherapy and medication treatment research for borderline personality disorder.  In F. E. Yeomans & K. N. Levy (under contract). Psychiatric Clinics of North America: Borderline Personality Disorder. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, Vol 39, No. x,

Levy, K. N.
(2012)

Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 68(8), 886-896.

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Levy, K. N.
(2012)

Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 68(8), 886-896.

Levy, K. N.
(In Press)

Kenneth N. Levy. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences.  New York: Springer.

Levy, K. N.
(2012)

Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 8(3), 216-235.

Levy, K. N.
(2008)

American Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 556-559.

Levy, K. N.
(2011)

Transference and countertransference. The New Therapist Magazine [(Counter) Transference Edition], 74, 9-10.

Levy, K. N.
(2009)

In D. Richard & S. Huprich (Eds.), Clinical Psychology: Assessment, Treatment, and Research (pp. 179-211). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Levy, K. N.
(2013)

Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 69(11), 1133-1135.

Levy, K. N.
(2012)

Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 22(3), 282-286.

Levy, K. N.
(2006)

In R. Skelton (Ed.), Edinburgh International Encyclopaedia of Psychoanalysis. (p. 237). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Levy, K. N.
(2014)

Attachment theory and Psychotherapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 69 (11), 1133-1135.

Levy, K. N.
(2013)

In G. P. Koocher, J. C. Norcross, & B. A. Greene (Eds.) The psychologist's desk reference: Third edition (pp. 193-196). Boston, MA: Oxford University Press

Levy, K. N.
(2013)

(eds) Clinical Psych. Clinical psych perspective.

Levy, K. N.
(1993)

1993 Annual Meeting New Research Program and Abstracts, 206. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association.

Levy, K. N.
(2013)

Attachment theory and personality disorders. In A. Danquah & K. Berry (Eds.), Using attachment theory in adult mental health: A practical guide (pp. 95-112). London: Routledge.

Levy, K. N.
(2005)

Development and Psychopathology, 17, 959-986.

Levy, K. N.
(2006)

In R. Skelton (Ed.), Edinburgh International Encyclopaedia of Psychoanalysis. (p. 443). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Levy, K. N.
(2006)

In R. Skelton (Ed.), Edinburgh International Encyclopaedia of Psychoanalysis. (p. 492). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Levy, K. N. & Clarkin, J.
(2005)

In O. F. Kernberg & H.P. Hartmann (Eds.), Narzissmus: Grundlagen, Störungsbilder, Therapie. Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Levy, K. N. & Scala, J. W.
(In Press)

Transference. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences.  New York: Springer.

Levy, K. N. & Kelly, K. M.
(2008)

In J. H. Obegi & E. Berant (Eds.), Attachment Theory and Research in Clinical Work with Adults (pp. 121-151). New York: Guilford.

Levy, K. N. et al.
(2012)

In R. A. Levy, J. S. Ablon, H. Kächele (Eds.), Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Research (pp. 139-167). New York, NY: Springer.

Levy, K. N. et al.
(2012)

In R. A. Levy, J. S. Ablon, H. Kächele (Eds.), Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Research (pp. 139-167). New York, NY: Springer.

Levy, K. N., & Anderson, T.
(2013)

Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 20(2), 211-220.

Levy, K. N., & Blatt, S. J.
(1999)

Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 19, 541-575.

Levy, K. N., & Kelly, K. M.
(2010)

Psychological Science, 21(2), 168-173. doi: 10.1177/0956797609357708

Levy, K. N., & Scala, J. W.
(2012)

Psychotherapy, 49(3), 391-403.

Levy, K. N., & Scala, J. W.
(2015)

Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 25(1), 49-57.

Levy, K. N., & Scott, L.
(2006)

In M. Hersen & J. C. Thomas (Series Eds.) & F. Andrasik (Vol. Ed.), Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology: Vol. 2 Adult Psychopathology (pp. 316-336). New York: John Wiley

Levy, K. N., & Wasserman, R. H.
(2009)

In R. Ingram (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Depression. (pp. 457-460). New York: Springer Publishing Co.

Levy, K. N., Beeney, J. E., & Temes, C. M.
(2011)

Current Psychiatry Reports, 13, 50-59.

Levy, K. N., Beeney, J. E., Wasserman, R. H., & Clarkin, J. F.
(2010)

Psychotherapy Research, 20(4), 413-422.

Levy, K. N., Blatt, S. J., & Shaver, P. R.
(1998)

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 407-419.

Levy, K. N., Chauhan, P., Clarkin, J. F., Wasserman, R. H., & Reynoso, J. S.
(2009)

Psychiatric Annals, 39(4), 203-213.

Levy, K. N., Clarkin, J. F., & Crow, T.
(In Press)

Prävalenz und Verlauf der narzisstischen Persönlichkeitsstörun [Prevalence and course of narcissistic personality disorder (P. Holler, Trans.)].  In S. Doering, O. F. Kernberg & H. P. Hartmann (Eds.), Narzissmus: Grundlagen, Störungsbilder, Therapie.  Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.

Levy, K. N., Draijer, N., & Yeomans, F. E.
(2017)

Transference-Focused Psychotherapy. In A. Wenzel (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Abnormal and Clinical Psychology.

Levy, K. N., Draijer, N., & Yeomans, F. E.
(In Press)

Transference-Focused Psychotherapy.  In A. Wenzel (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Abnormal and Clinical Psychology.

Levy, K. N., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(2007)

Psychiatric Quarterly, 78, 129-143

Levy, K. N., Ehrenthal, J.C., Yeomans, F. E., & Caligor, E.
(2014)

Dynamic Psychiatry, 42, 377-422.

Levy, K. N., Ellison, W. D., & Reynoso, J. S.
(2011)

A historical review of narcissism and narcissistic personality.  In W. K. Campbell & J. D. Miller (Eds.), The handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical approaches, empirical findings, and treatments (pp. 3–13). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Levy, K. N., Ellison, W. D., & Scott, L. N.
(2008)

In F. T. Leong (Ed.), Encyclopedia of counseling, Vol. 2: Personal and emotional counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Levy, K. N., Ellison, W. D., Reynoso, J. S.
(2012)

The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder, (p. 3-13).

Levy, K. N., Ellison, W. D., Scott, L. N., & Bernecker, S. L.
(2011)

Journal of clinical psychology, 67(2), 193-203.

Levy, K. N., et al.
(2006)

In M. Mikulincer & G. Goodman (Eds.), Dynamics of romantic love: Attachment, caregiving, and sex (pp. 128-145). New York: Guilford Press.

Levy, K. N., et al.
(2007)

In W. O’Donohue, K. A. Fowler, & S. O. Lilienfeld (Eds.), Personality Disorders: Toward the DSM-V (pp. 233-277). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Levy, K. N., et al.
(2006)

Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 54, 1325-1331.

Levy, K. N., et al.
(2005)

Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 53, 1305-1308.

Levy, K. N., et al.
(2005)

In Bornstein, R. F. & Masling, J. M. (Eds.), Scoring the Rorschach: Seven Validated Systems (pp. 97-133). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Levy, K. N., et al.
(1999)

American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1522-1528.

Levy, K. N., Johnson, B. N., Clouthier, T. L., Scala, J. W., & Temes, C. M.
(2015)

Canadian Psychology, 56(2), 197-207.

Levy, K. N., Johnson, B. N., Scala, J. W., Temes, C. M., & Clouthier, T. L.
(2015)

Apego como marco teórico para entender los trastornos de personalidad: Consideraciones psicoterapéuticas, neurocientíficas y de desarrollo [An attachment theoretical framework for understanding personality disorders:  Developmental, neuroscience, and psychotherapeutic considerations. (S. Pletikosic, Trans.)] Psihologijske Teme. [Psychological Topics], 24, 91-112.

Levy, K. N., Kelly, K. M., & Ray, W. J.
(2018)

Case studies in abnormal psychology. Sage.

Levy, K. N., Kivity, Y., & Yeomans, F. E.
(2019)

Kramer, U (Ed.), Case Formulation for Personality Disorder: Tailoring in Psychotherapy to the Individual Client, Chapter 2

Levy, K. N., Kivity, Y., Johnson, B. N., & Gooch, C. V.
(2018)

Journal of Clinical Psychology.

Levy, K. N., Kolligian, J., Quinlan, D. M., Becker, D. F., Edell, W. S., & McGlashan, T. H.
(1994)

1994 Annual Meeting New Research Program and Abstracts, 156-157. Washington, DC, APA.

Levy, K. N., McGlashan, T., Edell, W. S., Garnet, K., Quinlan, D., & Greenfield, D.
(1993)

Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association.

Levy, K. N., McMain, S, Bateman, A., & Clouthier, T
(2018)

Psychiatric Clinic of North America, 41, 711-728.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., & Yeomans, F. E.
(In Press)

Reprinted: Bindungstheorie und forschung: Auswirkungen auf die psychodynamische psychotherapie [Attachment theory and research: Implications for psychodynamic psychotherapy. (R. Leseman, Trans.)] Forum der Psychoanalyse.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., & Yeomans, F. E.
(2012)

An update and overview of the empirical evidence for transference-focused psychotherapy and other psychotherapies for borderline personality disorder. In R. A. Levy, J. S. Ablon, & H. Kächele (Eds.), Psychodynamic psychotherapy research (pp. 139-167). New York, NY: Springer.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., & Yeomans, F. E.
(2010)

Transference-focused psychotherapy reduces treatment drop-out and suicide attempters compared with community psychotherapist treatment in borderline personality disorder: Commentary. Evidence Based Mental Health, 13, 119.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Cain, N., & Ellison, W. D.
(2012)

Narcissism and DSM-5.  In J. S. Ogrodniczuk (Ed.), Understanding and Treating pathological narcissism (pp. 45-62). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Clouthier, T. L., Yeomans, F. E.., Lenzenweger, M. F., Clarkin, J. F., & Kernberg, O. F.
(In Press)

Transference focused psychotherapy.  In D. B. Fishman, F. Dattilio, S. B. Messer, D. J. A., Edwards (Eds). Case studies within clinical trials: Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods. New York: Oxford University Press.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Temes, C. M., & Yeomans, F. E.
(2012)

Attachment theory and research: Implications for psychodynamic psychotherapy. In R. A. Levy, J. S. Ablon, & H. Kächele (Eds.), Psychodynamic psychotherapy research (pp. 139-167). New York, NY: Springer.

Levy, K. N., Meehan, K. B., Weber, M., Reynoso, J., & Clarkin, J. F.
(2005)

Psychopathology, 38, 64-74.

Levy, K. N., Reynoso, J., Wasserman, R. H., & Clarkin, J. F.
(2007)

Narcissistic personality disorder. In W. O’Donohue, K. A. Fowler, & S. O. Lilienfeld (Eds.), Personality disorders: Toward the DSM-V (pp. 233-277). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.